Group B Streptococcus
Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection is the infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus agalactiae. Group B streptococcal infection can cause serious illness and sometimes death, especially in newborns, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems. In general, GBS is a harmless commensal bacterium being part of the human microbiota colonizing the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts of up to 30% of healthy human adults (asymptomatic carriers).
Vaginal colonization rates range from 4 to 36%, with most studies reporting over 20%. GBS is the main cause of bacterial infections in newborns, such as septicemia, pneumonia, and meningitis, which can lead to death or long-term after effects. Infections in newborns are separated into two clinical types, early-onset disease (EOGBS) and late-onset disease (LOGBS). EOGBS manifests from 0 to 7 living days in the newborn, most of the cases being apparent within 24 hr. LOGBS starts between 7 and 90 days after birth. EOGBS is acquired through exposure of the fetus or baby to GBS from the vagina either in utero or during birth.
Group B streptococcus Panel
Retrogen offers early & accurate detection, rapid turnaround times, and only requires a single, non-invasive sample collection. Your referring physician will be provided with a detailed, comprehensive report that leads to actionable decisions and forward treatment options.
Retrogen carries out real-time molecular PCR on DNA extracted from vaginal swabs to screen for microorganisms. This quantitative approach uses TaqMan chemistry from Life Technologies to detect pathogen specific gene sequences. Ordering
87081, 87150. MIC performed add charge 87186 or 87184
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